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Publications from the Lab

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None of these publications may be used for commercial purposes, and the definitive version of journal publications are found on respective publisher websites.

In Review/Revision/Press

72. Langerhans, R.B. and Langerhans, A.C. Why are some squid big and some small? Dietary patterns largely explain body size patterns.

71. Fowler, A.E., Lor, D.J., Farrell, C.E., Bauman, M.A., Peterson, M.N. and Langerhans, R.B. Presence of predators explains antipredator behaviors in Bahamas mosquitofish.

70. Kern, E.M.A. and Langerhans, R.B. Urbanization drives contemporary evolution in stream fish.

69. Kern, E.M.A. and Langerhans, R.B. Urbanization alters swimming performance of a stream fish.

68. Torres, M., Langerhans, R.B., Garland, T. and Reznick, D.N. Role of predation and water flow in body shape evolution in livebearing female fishes of the genus Gambusia (Poeciliidae).

67. Lansing, T.R., Stemp, K.M. and Langerhans, R.B. Compensatory growth as a common means of coping with costly prey?

66. Riesch, R., Martin, R.A. and Langerhans, R.B. Multivariate character suites across multifarious environments: integrated responses of morphology and life history in Bahamas mosquitofish.


65. Langerhans, R.B. In Press. Predictability and parallelism of multi-trait adaptation. Journal of Heredity.

64. Shapiro, H.G., Peterson, M.N., Stevenson, K.T., Frew, K.N. and Langerhans, R.B. In Press. Wildlife species preferences differ among children in continental and island locations: a case study. Environmental Conservation.

63. Silvy, E.H., Peterson, M.N., Heinen-Kay, J.L. and Langerhans, R.B. In Press. Illegal harvest of marine resources on Andros Island and the legacy of colonial governance. British Journal of Criminology.

62. Araújo, M.S., Langerhans, R.B. and Layman, C.A. In Press. Body streamlining is related to higher growth rates in Bahamian mosquitofish. Evolutionary Ecology Research.


61. Langerhans, R.B, Anderson, C.M. and Heinen-Kay, J.L. 2016. Causes and consequences of genital evolution. Integrative and Comparative Biology 56(4):741–751.

60. Higham, T.E., Rogers, S.M, Langerhans, R.B., Jamniczky, H.A., Lauder, G.V., Stewart, W.J., and Martin, C.H. and Reznick, D.N. 2016. Speciation through the lens of biomechanics: locomotion, prey capture, and reproductive isolation. Proceedings of the Royal Society Series B 283:20161294.

59. Heinen-Kay, J.L., Schmidt, D.A., Stafford, A.T., Costa, M.T., Peterson, M.N., Kern, E.M.A. and Langerhans, R.B. 2016. Predicting multifarious behavioural divergence between predation regimes in the wild. Animal Behaviour 121:3-10.

58. Riesch, R., Tobler, M., Lerp, H., Jourdan, J., Doumas, T., Nosil, P., Langerhans, R.B. and Plath, M. 2016. Extremophile Poeciliidae: multivariate insights into the complexity of speciation along replicated ecological gradients. BMC Evolutionary Biology 16:136.

57. Kern, E.M.A., Robinson, D., Gass, E., Godwin, J. and Langerhans, R.B. 2016. Correlated evolution of personality, morphology, and performance. Animal Behaviour 117:79-86.

56. Shapiro, H.G., Erickson, K.A., Peterson, M.N., Frew, K., Stevenson, K.T. and Langerhans, R.B. 2016. Which species to conserve: evaluating children’s species-based conservation priorities. Biodiversity and Conservation 25(3):539–553.


55. Sharpe, D.M.T., Langerhans, R.B., Low-Decarie, E. and Chapman, L.J. 2015. Little evidence for morphological change in a resilient endemic species following the introduction of a novel predator. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 28(11):2054-2067.

54. Okamoto, K.W., Langerhans, R.B., Rashid, R. and Amarasekare, P. 2015. Microevolutionary patterns in the common caiman predict macroevolutionary trends across extant crocodilians. Biological Journal of the Linnean Society 116(4):834-846.

53. Riesch, R., Easter, T., Layman, C.A. and Langerhans, R.B. 2015. Rapid human-induced divergence of life-history strategies in Bahamian livebearing fishes (family Poeciliidae). Journal of Animal Ecology 84(6):1732–1743.

52. Anderson, C.M. and Langerhans, R.B. 2015. Origins of female genital diversity: predation risk and lock-and-key explain rapid divergence during an adaptive radiation. Evolution 69(9):2452-2467.

51. Giery, S.T., Layman, C.A. and Langerhans, R.B. 2015. Anthropogenic ecosystem fragmentation drives shared and unique patterns of sexual signal divergence among three species of Bahamian mosquitofish. Evolutionary Applications 8(7):679-691.

50. Chacin, D.H., Giery, S., Yeager, L., Layman, C.A. and Langerhans, R.B. 2015. Does hydrological fragmentation affect coastal bird communities? A study from Abaco Island, Bahamas. Wetlands Ecology and Management 23(3):551-557.

49. Heinen-Kay, J.L., Morris, K.E., Ryan, N., Byerley, S.L., Venezia, R.E., Peterson, M.N. and Langerhans, R.B. 2015. A tradeoff between natural and sexual selection underlies diversification of a sexual signal. Behavioral Ecology 26(2):533–542.

48. Martin, R.A., McGee, M.D. and Langerhans, R.B. 2015. Predicting ecological and phenotypic differentiation in the wild: a case of piscivorous fish in a fishless environment. Biological Journal of the Linnean Society 114(3):588-607.

47. Hayes, M.C., Peterson, M.N., Heinen-Kay, J.L, and Langerhans, R.B. 2015. Tourism-related drivers of support for protection of fisheries resources on Andros Island, The Bahamas. Ocean & Coastal Management 106:118-123.

46. Wellborn, G.A. and Langerhans, R.B. 2015. Ecological opportunity and the adaptive diversification of lineages. Ecology and Evolution 5(1):176–195.

45. Beckman, M.C., Gilliam, J.F. and Langerhans, R.B. 2015. X-ray imaging as a time-saving, non-invasive technique for diet analysis. Fisheries Research 161:1-7.


44. Heinen-Kay, J.L., Noel, H.G., Layman, C.A. and Langerhans, R.B. 2014. Human-caused habitat fragmentation can drive rapid divergence of male genitalia. Evolutionary Applications 7(10):1252–1267.

43. Araujo, M.S., Langerhans, R.B., Giery, S.T. and Layman, C.A. 2014. Ecosystem fragmentation drives increased diet variation in an endemic livebearing fish of the Bahamas. Ecology and Evolution 4(16):3298-3308.

42. Sanger, T.J., Seav, S.M., Tokita, M., Langerhans R.B., Ross, L.M., Losos, J.B. and Abzhanov, A. 2014. The oestrogen pathway underlies the evolution of exaggerated male cranial shapes in Anolis lizards. Proceedings of the Royal Society Series B 281(1784):20140329. | Supplementary Materials

41. Martin, R.A., Riesch, R., Heinen-Kay, J.L. and Langerhans, R.B. 2014. Evolution of male coloration during a post-Pleistocene radiation of Bahamas mosquitofish (Gambusia hubbsi). Evolution 68(2):397-411. | Supporting Information

40. Vega-Trejo, R., Zuniga-Vega, J.J. and Langerhans, R.B. 2014. Morphological differentiation among populations of Rhinella marina (Amphibia: Anura) in western Mexico. Evolutionary Ecology 28(1):69-88.

39. Riesch, R., Plath, M., Schlupp, I., Tobler, M. and Langerhans, R.B. 2014. Colonization of toxic environments drives predictable life-history evolution in livebearing fishes (Poeciliidae). Ecology Letters 17(1):65-71. | Supporting Information | Cover


38. Heinen-Kay, J.L and Langerhans, R.B. 2013. Predation-associated divergence of male genital morphology in a livebearing fish. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 26(10):2135-2146.

37. Langerhans, R.B. and Makowicz, A.M. 2013. Sexual selection paves the road to sexual isolation during ecological speciation. Evolutionary Ecology Research 15:633-651.

36. Heinen, J.L., Coco, M.W., Marcuard, M.S., White, D.N., Peterson, M.N., Martin, R.A. and Langerhans, R.B. 2013. Environmental drivers of demographics, habitat use, and behavior during a post-Pleistocene radiation of Bahamas mosquitofish (Gambusia hubbsi). Evolutionary Ecology 27(5):971-991.

35. Langerhans, R.B. and Riesch, R. 2013. Speciation by selection: a framework for understanding ecology's role in speciation. Current Zoology 59(1):31-52. | Cover

34. Riesch, R., Martin, R.A. and Langerhans, R.B. 2013. Predation's role in life-history evolution of a livebearing fish and a test of the Trexler-DeAngelis model of maternal provisioning. American Naturalist 181(1):78-93. | Appendix


33. Langerhans, R.B., Gifford, M.E., Dominguez-Dominguez, O., Garcia-Bedoya, D. and DeWitt, T.J. 2012. Gambusia quadruncus (Cyprinodontiformes: Poeciliidae): a new species of mosquitofish from east-central Mexico. Journal of Fish Biology 81(5):1514-1539.

32. Riesch, R., Martin, R.A., Bierbach, D., Plath, M., Langerhans, R.B. and Arias-Rodriguez, L. 2012. Natural history, life history, and diet of Priapella chamulae Scchartl, Meyer & Wilde 2006 (Teleostei: Poeciliidae). Aqua, International Journal of Ichthyology 18(2): 95-102.


31. Riesch, R., Schlupp, I., Langerhans, R.B. and Plath, M. 2011. Shared and unique patterns of embryo development in extremophile Poecilia. PLoS ONE 6(11):e27377.

30. Langerhans, R.B. 2011. Genital evolution. In J. Evans, A. Pilastro and I. Schlupp, eds. Ecology and Evolution of Poeciliid Fishes. Chicago, University of Chicago Press.


29. Langerhans, R.B., Gifford, M.E. and Joseph, E.O. 2010. Ecological speciation among blue holes in mosquitofish. Pages 13-30 in M. Uribe and H. Grier, eds. Viviparous Fishes II. Homestead, FL, New Life Publications.

28. Langerhans, R.B. 2010. Predicting evolution with generalized models of divergent selection: a case study with poeciliid fish. Integrative and Comparative Biology 50(6):1167-1184.

27. Langerhans, R.B. and Reznick, D.N. 2010. Ecology and evolution of swimming performance in fishes: predicting evolution with biomechanics. Pages 200-248 in P. Domenici and B.G. Kapoor, eds. Fish locomotion: an etho-ecological perspective. Enfield, Science Publishers.


26. Langerhans, R.B. and Makowicz, A.M. 2009. Shared and unique features of morphological differentiation between predator regimes in Gambusia caymanensis. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 22(11):2231-2242.

25. Langerhans, R.B. 2009. Morphology, performance, fitness: functional insight into a post-Pleistocene radiation of mosquitofish. Biology Letters 5(4):488-491.

24. Langerhans, R.B. 2009. Trade-off between steady and unsteady swimming underlies predator-driven divergence in Gambusia affinis. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 22(5):1057-1075.

23. Langerhans, R.B. and Gifford, M.E. 2009. Divergent selection, not life-history plasticity via food limitation, drives morphological divergence between predator regimes in Gambusia hubbsi. Evolution 63(2):561-567.
      RESPONSE TO: Downhower, J. F., L. P. Brown, and M. L. Matsui. 2009. Predation, food limitation, phenotypic plasticity and life-history variation in Gambusia hubbsi. Evolution 63(2):557-560.

22. Allan, B.F., Langerhans, R.B., Ryberg, W.A., et. al. 2009. Ecological correlates of risk and incidence of West Nile Virus in the United States. Oecologia 158(4):699-708.


21. Langerhans, R.B. 2008. Predictability of phenotypic differentiation across flow regimes in fishes. Integrative and Comparative Biology 48(6):750-768.

20. Langerhans, R.B. 2008. Coevolution. Pages 644-648 in S.E. Jorgensen and B.D. Fath, eds. General Ecology. Vol. 1 of Encyclopedia of Ecology. Oxford, Elsevier.


19. Landesman, W.J., Allan, B.F., Langerhans, R.B., Knight, T.M. and Chase, J.M. 2007. Inter-annual associations between precipitation and human incidence of West Nile Virus in the United States. Vector Borne and Zoonotic Diseases. 7(3):337-343.

18. Langerhans, R.B., Gifford, M.E. and Joseph, E.O. 2007. Ecological speciation in Gambusia fishes. Evolution 61(9):2056-2074.
      (Featured in Science's Editors' Choice), (Featured in Faculty of 1000), received R.A. Fisher Prize (best dissertation paper in 2007 in Evolution)

17. Langerhans, R.B., Chapman, L.J. and DeWitt, T.J. 2007. Complex phenotype-environment associations revealed in an East African cyprinid. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 20(3):1171-1181.

16. Revell, L.J., Harmon, L.J., Langerhans, R.B., and Kolbe, J.J. 2007. A phylogenetic approach to determining the importance of constraint on phenotypic evolution in the neotropical lizard Anolis cristatellus. Evolutionary Ecology Research. 9(2):261-282.


15. Losos, J.B., Schoener, T.W., Langerhans, R.B., and Spiller, D.A. 2006. Rapid temporal reversal of predator-driven natural selection. Science 314(5802): 1111.

14. Langerhans, R.B. 2006. Evolutionary consequences of predation: avoidance, escape, reproduction, and diversification. Pages 177-220 in A.M.T. Elewa, ed. Predation in organisms: a distinct phenomenon. Heidelberg, Germany, Springer-Verlag.

13. Langerhans, R.B., Knouft, J.H. and Losos, J.B. 2006. Shared and unique features of diversification in Greater Antillean Anolis ecomorphs. Evolution 60(2):362-369.


12. Layman, C.A., Langerhans, R.B. and Winemiller, K.O. 2005. Body size, not other morphological traits, characterizes cascading effects in fish assemblage composition following commercial netting. Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences 62(12):2802-2810.

11. Dayton, G.H., Saenz, D., Baum, K.A., Langerhans, R.B. and DeWitt, T.J. 2005. Body shape, burst speed, and escape behavior of larval anurans. Oikos 111(3):582-591. (correct Fig. 5)

10. Langerhans, R.B., Layman, C.A. and DeWitt, T.J. 2005. Male genital size reflects a tradeoff between attracting mates and avoiding predators in two livebearing fish species. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, USA 102(21):7618-7623.


9. Layman, C.A., Arrington, D.A., Langerhans, R.B., and Silliman, B.R. 2004. Effects of estuarine fragmentation on fish assemblage structure on Andros Island. Bahamas Journal of Science 12:29-38.

8. Langerhans, R.B., Layman, C.A., Shokrollahi, A.M. and DeWitt, T.J. 2004. Predator-driven phenotypic diversification in Gambusia affinis. Evolution 58(10):2305-2318.

7. Langerhans, R.B. and DeWitt, T.J. 2004. Shared and unique features of evolutionary diversification. American Naturalist 164(3):335-349.

6. Layman, C.A., Arrington, D.A., Langerhans, R.B., and Silliman, B.R. 2004. Degree of fragmentation affects fish assemblage structure in Andros Island (Bahamas) estuaries. Caribbean Journal of Science 40(2):232-244.

5. Kosciuch, K. and Langerhans, R.B. 2004. Evolution of coloniality via commodity selection: what about variance? Auk 121(1):257-262.

4. DeWitt, T.J. and Langerhans, R.B. 2004. Integrated solutions to environmental heterogeneity: theory of multimoment reaction norms. Pages 98-111 in T.J. DeWitt and S.M. Scheiner, eds. Phenotypic Plasticity. Functional and Conceptual Approaches. New York, Oxford University Press.


3. Langerhans, R.B., Layman, C.A., Langerhans, A.K. and DeWitt, T.J. 2003. Habitat-associated morphological divergence in two Neotropical fish species. Biological Journal of the Linnean Society 80:689-698.

2. DeWitt, T.J. and Langerhans, R.B. 2003. Multiple prey traits, multiple predators: keys to understanding complex community dynamics. Journal of Sea Research 49:143-155.


1. Langerhans, R.B. and DeWitt, T.J. 2002. Plasticity constrained: over-generalized induction cues cause maladaptive phenotypes. Evolutionary Ecology Research 4:857-870.

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