Welcome to the

Langerhans Lab Banner

Home | Research | People | Publications | Teaching | Opportunities | Gallery | Collaborators | Lab Protocols | NCSU Bio Sci

Publications from the Lab

Notice: By downloading any of the following publications, you are effectively requesting a reprint for research or educational purposes.
None of these publications may be used for commercial purposes, and the definitive version of journal publications are found on respective publisher websites.


99. Roesti, M., Roesti, H., Satokangas, I., Boughman, J.W., Chaturvedi, S., Wolf, J.B.W. and Langerhans, R.B. Predictability, an orrery, and a speciation machine: quest for a standard model of speciation. Cold Spring Harbor Perspectives in Biology a041456.


98. Ålund, M., Cenzer, M., Bierne, N., Boughman, J.W., Cerca, J., Comerford, M.S., Culicchi, A., Langerhans, R.B., McFarlane, S.E., Möst, M.H., North, H., Qvarnström, A., Ravinet, M., Svanbäck, R. and Taylor, S.A. 2023. Anthropogenic change and the process of speciation. Cold Spring Harbor Perspectives in Biology a041455.

97. Stroud, J.T., Moore, M.P., Langerhans, R.B. and Losos, J.B. 2023. Fluctuating selection maintains distinct species phenotypes in an ecological community in the wild. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, USA 120(42):e2222071120.

96. Deutsch, A.R., Langerhans, R.B., Flores, D. and Hartstone-Rose, A. 2023. The Roar of Rancho La Brea? Comparative anatomy of modern and fossil felid hyoid bones. Journal of Morphology 284(10):e21627..

95.Rosso J.J., Langerhans, R.B. and Avigliano E. 2023. Editorial: Fish as sentinels of urbanization impacts in aquatic ecosystems. Frontiers in Environmental Science 11:1190398.

94. Sanderson, S., Astorg, L., Haines, G.E., Beaumont-Courteau, S., Langerhans, R.B., Derry, A.M., and Hendry, A.P. 2023. Freshwater fishes maintain multi-trait phenotypic stability across an environmental gradient in aqueous calcium. Journal of Fish Biology 103(1):143-154.

93. Vinterstare, J., Hulthén, K., Nilsson, P.A., Langerhans, R.B., Chauhan, P., Hansson, B. and Brönmark, C. 2023. Sex matters: predator presence induces sexual dimorphism in a monomorphic prey, from stress genes to morphological defence. Evolution 77(1):304-317.


92. Pirroni, S., Meka, J., Jourdan, J., Santi, F., Plath, M., Langerhans, R.B. and Riesch, R. 2022. Variability in maternal provisioning and offspring quality in eastern mosquitofish (Gambusia holbrooki). Aqua, International Journal of Ichthyology 28(2):79-95.

91. Martínez-Rivera, N., Serrano-Vélez, J.L., Torres-Vázquez, I.I., Langerhans, R.B. and Rosa-Molinar, E. 2022. Are superficial neuromasts proprioceptors underlying fast copulatory behavior? Frontiers in Neural Circuits 16:921568.

90. Riesch, R., Araújo, M., Bumgarner, S. Filla, C., de Pennafort, L., Goins, T., Lucion, D., Makowicz, A., Martin, R., Pirroni, S., and Langerhans, R.B. 2022. Resource competition explains rare cannibalism in the wild in livebearing fishes. Ecology and Evolution 12(5):e8872.

89. Casola, W.R., Rehnberg, M., Peterson, M.N., Blake, K., Thorne, T. and Langerhans, R.B. 2022. Drivers of long-term support for Marine Protected Areas in The Bahamas. Ocean and Coastal Management 217:106000.


88. Hulthén, K., Heinen-Kay, J.L., Schmidt, D.A. and Langerhans, R.B. 2021. Predation shapes behavioral lateralization: insights from an adaptive radiation of livebearing fish. Behavioral Ecology 32:1321–1329.

87. Sha, Y.C., Zhang, H., Lee, M., Björnerås, C., Škerlep, M., Gollnisch, R., Herzog, S.D., Ekelund Ugge, G., Vinterstare, J., Hu, N., Pärssinen, V., Hulthén, K., Nilsson, P.A., Rengefors, K., Brönmark, C., Langerhans, R.B. and Hansson, L-A. 2021. Diel vertical migration of copepods and its environmental drivers in subtropical Bahamian blue holes. Aquatic Ecology 55:1157-1169.

86. Vinterstare, J., Ekelund Ugge, G., Hulthén, K., Hegg, A., Brönmark, C., Nilsson, P.A., Zellmer, U.R., Lee, M., Pärssinen, V., Sha, Y.C., Björnerås, C., Zhang, H., Gollnisch, R., Herzog, S.D., Hansson, L-A., Škerlep, M., Hu, N., Johansson, E. and Langerhans, R.B. 2021. Predation risk and the evolution of a vertebrate stress response: parallel evolution of stress reactivity and sexual dimorphism. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 34:1554-1567.

85. Jenkins, M.R., Cummings, J.M., Cabe, A.R., Hulthén, K., Peterson, M.N. and Langerhans, R.B. 2021. Natural and anthropogenic sources of habitat variation influence exploration behaviour, stress response, and brain morphology in a coastal fish. Journal of Animal Ecology 90:2446-2461.

84. Vinterstare, J., Brönmark, C., Nilsson, P.A., Langerhans, R.B., Berglund, O., Örjes, J., Brodin, T., Fick, J. and Hulthén, K. 2021. Anti-predator phenotype in crucian carp altered by a psychoactive drug. Ecology and Evolution:11:9435–9446.

83. Hulthén, K, Hill, J.S., Jenkins, M.R. and Langerhans, R.B. 2021. Predation and resource availability interact to drive life-history evolution in an adaptive radiation of livebearing fish. Frontiers in Ecology and Evolution 9:619277.

82. Langerhans, R.B. and Rosa-Molinar, E. 2021. A novel body plan alters diversification of body shape and genitalia in live-bearing fish. Frontiers in Ecology and Evolution 9:619232.

81. Pärssinen, V., Hulthén, K., Brönmark, C., Björnerås, C., Ekelund Ugge, G., Gollnisch, R., Hansson, L.-A., Herzog, S.D., Hu, N., Johansson, E., Lee, M, Rengefors, K., Sha, Y., Škerlep, M., Vinterstare, J., Zhang, H., Langerhans, R.B. and Nilsson, P.A. 2021. Variation in predation regime drives sex-specific differences in mosquitofish foraging behaviour. Oikos 130:790-797.

80. Langerhans, R.B., Goins, T.R., Stemp, K.M., Riesch, R., Araújo, M.S. and Layman, C.A. 2021. Consuming costly prey: optimal foraging and the role of compensatory growth. Frontiers in Ecology and Evolution 8:603387.

79. Casola, W.R., Oren, J., Register, M.L., Littlejohn, J., Peterson, M.N. and Langerhans, R.B. 2021. Modernization of artisanal fishing communities on Andros Island, The Bahamas, as a treadmill of production. Ocean and Coastal Management 201:105487.


78. Björnerås, C., Škerlep, M., Gollnisch, R., Herzog, S.D., Ekelund Ugge, G., Hegg, A., Hu, N., Johansson, E., Lee, M., Pärssinen, V., Sha, Y.C., Vinterstare, J., Zhang, H., Hulthén, K., Brönmark, C., Hansson, L-A., Nilsson, P.A., Rengefors, K. and Langerhans, R.B. 2020. Inland blue holes of The Bahamas - chemistry and biology in a unique aquatic environment. Fundamental and Applied Limnology 194(2):95-106.

77. Langerhans, R.B. and Kern, E.M.A. 2020. Urbanization and evolution in aquatic environments. Pages 157-174 in M. Szulkin, J. Munshi-South and A. Charmantier, eds. Urban Evolutionary Biology. Oxford University Press.

76. Riesch, R., Martin, R.A. and Langerhans, R.B. 2020. Multiple traits and multifarious environments: integrated divergence of morphology and life history. Oikos 129:480-492.

75. Peterson, M.N., Shapiro, H.G., Stevenson, K.T., McNair, K.N. and Langerhans, R.B. 2020. What wild animals do kids care about most and why does it matter? Frontiers for Young Minds 8:14.


74. Valdez, R.X., Peterson, N., Chen, A., Steward, M., Hannameyer, K., Seebaluck, H., Hulthén, K. and Langerhans, R.B. 2019. Perceptions of resilience in fishery-dependent Bahamian communities following a category 4 hurricane. Fisheries 44(11):515-523.

73. Lee, M., Zhang, H., Sha, Y., Hegg, A., Ugge, G.E., Vinterstare, J., Škerlep, M., Pärssinen, V., Herzog, S.D., Björnerås, C., Gollnisch, R., Johansson, E., Hu, N., Nilsson, P.A., Hulthén, K., Rengefors, K., Langerhans, R.B., Brönmark, C. and Hansson, L-A. 2019. Low-latitude zooplankton pigmentation plasticity in response to multiple threats. Royal Society Open Science 6(7):190321.

72. Kern, E.M.A. and Langerhans, R.B. 2019. Urbanization alters swimming performance of a stream fish. Frontiers in Ecology and Evolution 6:229.

71. Rius, B.F., Petry, A.C., Langerhans, R.B., Figueiredo-Barros, M.P., Bozelli, R.L., Honda, L.K., Nova, C.C. and Araújo, M.S. 2019. Correlates of life-history variation in the livebearing fish Poecilia vivipara (Cyprinodontiformes: Poeciliidae) inhabiting an environmental gradient. Biological Journal of the Linnean Society 126(3):436-446.


70. Fowler, A.E., Lor, D.J., Farrell, C.E., Bauman, M.A., Peterson, M.N. and Langerhans, R.B. 2018. Predator loss leads to reduced antipredator behaviours in Bahamas mosquitofish. Evolutionary Ecology Research 19:387-405.

69. Riesch, R., Martin, R.A., Diamond, S.E., Jourdan, J., Plath, M. and Langerhans, R.B. 2018. Thermal regime drives a latitudinal gradient in morphology and life history in a livebearing fish. Biological Journal of the Linnean Society 125:125-141.

68. Kern, E.M.A. and Langerhans, R.B. 2018. Urbanization drives contemporary evolution in stream fish. Global Change Biology 24:3791-3803.

67. DeWitt, T.J., McCarthy, T.M., Washick, D.L., Clark, A.B. and Langerhans, R.B. 2018. Predator avoidance behaviour in response to turtles and its adaptive value in the freshwater snail Planorbella campanulata. Journal of Molluscan Studies 84(3): 266-274.

66. Green, K., Langerhans, R.B., Dempsey, M. and Delgado, C. 2018. The evolution of a partnership: how a scientist, a teacher, and a researcher brought real-world science to students. Science Scope 41(8):41-46.

65. Silvy, E.H., Peterson, M.N., Heinen-Kay, J.L. and Langerhans, R.B. 2018. Illegal harvest of marine resources on Andros Island and the legacy of colonial governance. British Journal of Criminology 58(2):332-350.


64. Langerhans, R.B. 2017. Predictability and parallelism of multi-trait adaptation. Journal of Heredity 109(1):59-70.

63. Shapiro, H.G., Peterson, M.N., Stevenson, K.T., Frew, K.N. and Langerhans, R.B. 2017. Wildlife species preferences differ among children in continental and island locations: a case study. Environmental Conservation 44(4):389-396.

62. Araújo, M.S., Langerhans, R.B. and Layman, C.A. 2017. Body streamlining is related to higher growth rates in Bahamian mosquitofish. Evolutionary Ecology Research 18(4):383-391.


61. Langerhans, R.B, Anderson, C.M. and Heinen-Kay, J.L. 2016. Causes and consequences of genital evolution. Integrative and Comparative Biology 56(4):741–751.

60. Higham, T.E., Rogers, S.M, Langerhans, R.B., Jamniczky, H.A., Lauder, G.V., Stewart, W.J., and Martin, C.H. and Reznick, D.N. 2016. Speciation through the lens of biomechanics: locomotion, prey capture, and reproductive isolation. Proceedings of the Royal Society Series B 283:20161294.

59. Heinen-Kay, J.L., Schmidt, D.A., Stafford, A.T., Costa, M.T., Peterson, M.N., Kern, E.M.A. and Langerhans, R.B. 2016. Predicting multifarious behavioural divergence between predation regimes in the wild. Animal Behaviour 121:3-10.

58. Riesch, R., Tobler, M., Lerp, H., Jourdan, J., Doumas, T., Nosil, P., Langerhans, R.B. and Plath, M. 2016. Extremophile Poeciliidae: multivariate insights into the complexity of speciation along replicated ecological gradients. BMC Evolutionary Biology 16:136.

57. Kern, E.M.A., Robinson, D., Gass, E., Godwin, J. and Langerhans, R.B. 2016. Correlated evolution of personality, morphology, and performance. Animal Behaviour 117:79-86.

56. Shapiro, H.G., Erickson, K.A., Peterson, M.N., Frew, K., Stevenson, K.T. and Langerhans, R.B. 2016. Which species to conserve: evaluating children’s species-based conservation priorities. Biodiversity and Conservation 25(3):539–553.


55. Sharpe, D.M.T., Langerhans, R.B., Low-Decarie, E. and Chapman, L.J. 2015. Little evidence for morphological change in a resilient endemic species following the introduction of a novel predator. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 28(11):2054-2067.

54. Okamoto, K.W., Langerhans, R.B., Rashid, R. and Amarasekare, P. 2015. Microevolutionary patterns in the common caiman predict macroevolutionary trends across extant crocodilians. Biological Journal of the Linnean Society 116(4):834-846.

53. Riesch, R., Easter, T., Layman, C.A. and Langerhans, R.B. 2015. Rapid human-induced divergence of life-history strategies in Bahamian livebearing fishes (family Poeciliidae). Journal of Animal Ecology 84(6):1732–1743.

52. Anderson, C.M. and Langerhans, R.B. 2015. Origins of female genital diversity: predation risk and lock-and-key explain rapid divergence during an adaptive radiation. Evolution 69(9):2452-2467.

51. Giery, S.T., Layman, C.A. and Langerhans, R.B. 2015. Anthropogenic ecosystem fragmentation drives shared and unique patterns of sexual signal divergence among three species of Bahamian mosquitofish. Evolutionary Applications 8(7):679-691.

50. Chacin, D.H., Giery, S., Yeager, L., Layman, C.A. and Langerhans, R.B. 2015. Does hydrological fragmentation affect coastal bird communities? A study from Abaco Island, Bahamas. Wetlands Ecology and Management 23(3):551-557.

49. Heinen-Kay, J.L., Morris, K.E., Ryan, N., Byerley, S.L., Venezia, R.E., Peterson, M.N. and Langerhans, R.B. 2015. A tradeoff between natural and sexual selection underlies diversification of a sexual signal. Behavioral Ecology 26(2):533–542.

48. Martin, R.A., McGee, M.D. and Langerhans, R.B. 2015. Predicting ecological and phenotypic differentiation in the wild: a case of piscivorous fish in a fishless environment. Biological Journal of the Linnean Society 114(3):588-607.

47. Hayes, M.C., Peterson, M.N., Heinen-Kay, J.L, and Langerhans, R.B. 2015. Tourism-related drivers of support for protection of fisheries resources on Andros Island, The Bahamas. Ocean & Coastal Management 106:118-123.

46. Wellborn, G.A. and Langerhans, R.B. 2015. Ecological opportunity and the adaptive diversification of lineages. Ecology and Evolution 5(1):176–195.

45. Beckman, M.C., Gilliam, J.F. and Langerhans, R.B. 2015. X-ray imaging as a time-saving, non-invasive technique for diet analysis. Fisheries Research 161:1-7.


44. Heinen-Kay, J.L., Noel, H.G., Layman, C.A. and Langerhans, R.B. 2014. Human-caused habitat fragmentation can drive rapid divergence of male genitalia. Evolutionary Applications 7(10):1252–1267.

43. Araujo, M.S., Langerhans, R.B., Giery, S.T. and Layman, C.A. 2014. Ecosystem fragmentation drives increased diet variation in an endemic livebearing fish of the Bahamas. Ecology and Evolution 4(16):3298-3308.

42. Sanger, T.J., Seav, S.M., Tokita, M., Langerhans R.B., Ross, L.M., Losos, J.B. and Abzhanov, A. 2014. The oestrogen pathway underlies the evolution of exaggerated male cranial shapes in Anolis lizards. Proceedings of the Royal Society Series B 281(1784):20140329. | Supplementary Materials

41. Martin, R.A., Riesch, R., Heinen-Kay, J.L. and Langerhans, R.B. 2014. Evolution of male coloration during a post-Pleistocene radiation of Bahamas mosquitofish (Gambusia hubbsi). Evolution 68(2):397-411. | Supporting Information

40. Vega-Trejo, R., Zuniga-Vega, J.J. and Langerhans, R.B. 2014. Morphological differentiation among populations of Rhinella marina (Amphibia: Anura) in western Mexico. Evolutionary Ecology 28(1):69-88.

39. Riesch, R., Plath, M., Schlupp, I., Tobler, M. and Langerhans, R.B. 2014. Colonization of toxic environments drives predictable life-history evolution in livebearing fishes (Poeciliidae). Ecology Letters 17(1):65-71. | Supporting Information | Cover


38. Heinen-Kay, J.L and Langerhans, R.B. 2013. Predation-associated divergence of male genital morphology in a livebearing fish. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 26(10):2135-2146.

37. Langerhans, R.B. and Makowicz, A.M. 2013. Sexual selection paves the road to sexual isolation during ecological speciation. Evolutionary Ecology Research 15:633-651.

36. Heinen, J.L., Coco, M.W., Marcuard, M.S., White, D.N., Peterson, M.N., Martin, R.A. and Langerhans, R.B. 2013. Environmental drivers of demographics, habitat use, and behavior during a post-Pleistocene radiation of Bahamas mosquitofish (Gambusia hubbsi). Evolutionary Ecology 27(5):971-991.

35. Langerhans, R.B. and Riesch, R. 2013. Speciation by selection: a framework for understanding ecology's role in speciation. Current Zoology 59(1):31-52. | Cover

34. Riesch, R., Martin, R.A. and Langerhans, R.B. 2013. Predation's role in life-history evolution of a livebearing fish and a test of the Trexler-DeAngelis model of maternal provisioning. American Naturalist 181(1):78-93. | Appendix


33. Langerhans, R.B., Gifford, M.E., Dominguez-Dominguez, O., Garcia-Bedoya, D. and DeWitt, T.J. 2012. Gambusia quadruncus (Cyprinodontiformes: Poeciliidae): a new species of mosquitofish from east-central Mexico. Journal of Fish Biology 81(5):1514-1539.

32. Riesch, R., Martin, R.A., Bierbach, D., Plath, M., Langerhans, R.B. and Arias-Rodriguez, L. 2012. Natural history, life history, and diet of Priapella chamulae Scchartl, Meyer & Wilde 2006 (Teleostei: Poeciliidae). Aqua, International Journal of Ichthyology 18(2): 95-102.


31. Riesch, R., Schlupp, I., Langerhans, R.B. and Plath, M. 2011. Shared and unique patterns of embryo development in extremophile Poecilia. PLoS ONE 6(11):e27377.

30. Langerhans, R.B. 2011. Genital evolution. In J. Evans, A. Pilastro and I. Schlupp, eds. Ecology and Evolution of Poeciliid Fishes. Chicago, University of Chicago Press.


29. Langerhans, R.B., Gifford, M.E. and Joseph, E.O. 2010. Ecological speciation among blue holes in mosquitofish. Pages 13-30 in M. Uribe and H. Grier, eds. Viviparous Fishes II. Homestead, FL, New Life Publications.

28. Langerhans, R.B. 2010. Predicting evolution with generalized models of divergent selection: a case study with poeciliid fish. Integrative and Comparative Biology 50(6):1167-1184.

27. Langerhans, R.B. and Reznick, D.N. 2010. Ecology and evolution of swimming performance in fishes: predicting evolution with biomechanics. Pages 200-248 in P. Domenici and B.G. Kapoor, eds. Fish locomotion: an etho-ecological perspective. Enfield, Science Publishers.


26. Langerhans, R.B. and Makowicz, A.M. 2009. Shared and unique features of morphological differentiation between predator regimes in Gambusia caymanensis. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 22(11):2231-2242.

25. Langerhans, R.B. 2009. Morphology, performance, fitness: functional insight into a post-Pleistocene radiation of mosquitofish. Biology Letters 5(4):488-491.

24. Langerhans, R.B. 2009. Trade-off between steady and unsteady swimming underlies predator-driven divergence in Gambusia affinis. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 22(5):1057-1075.

23. Langerhans, R.B. and Gifford, M.E. 2009. Divergent selection, not life-history plasticity via food limitation, drives morphological divergence between predator regimes in Gambusia hubbsi. Evolution 63(2):561-567.
      RESPONSE TO: Downhower, J. F., L. P. Brown, and M. L. Matsui. 2009. Predation, food limitation, phenotypic plasticity and life-history variation in Gambusia hubbsi. Evolution 63(2):557-560.

22. Allan, B.F., Langerhans, R.B., Ryberg, W.A., et. al. 2009. Ecological correlates of risk and incidence of West Nile Virus in the United States. Oecologia 158(4):699-708.


21. Langerhans, R.B. 2008. Predictability of phenotypic differentiation across flow regimes in fishes. Integrative and Comparative Biology 48(6):750-768.

20. Langerhans, R.B. 2008. Coevolution. Pages 644-648 in S.E. Jorgensen and B.D. Fath, eds. General Ecology. Vol. 1 of Encyclopedia of Ecology. Oxford, Elsevier.


19. Landesman, W.J., Allan, B.F., Langerhans, R.B., Knight, T.M. and Chase, J.M. 2007. Inter-annual associations between precipitation and human incidence of West Nile Virus in the United States. Vector Borne and Zoonotic Diseases. 7(3):337-343.

18. Langerhans, R.B., Gifford, M.E. and Joseph, E.O. 2007. Ecological speciation in Gambusia fishes. Evolution 61(9):2056-2074.
      (Featured in Science's Editors' Choice), (Featured in Faculty of 1000), received R.A. Fisher Prize (best dissertation paper in 2007 in Evolution)

17. Langerhans, R.B., Chapman, L.J. and DeWitt, T.J. 2007. Complex phenotype-environment associations revealed in an East African cyprinid. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 20(3):1171-1181.

16. Revell, L.J., Harmon, L.J., Langerhans, R.B., and Kolbe, J.J. 2007. A phylogenetic approach to determining the importance of constraint on phenotypic evolution in the neotropical lizard Anolis cristatellus. Evolutionary Ecology Research. 9(2):261-282.


15. Losos, J.B., Schoener, T.W., Langerhans, R.B., and Spiller, D.A. 2006. Rapid temporal reversal of predator-driven natural selection. Science 314(5802): 1111.

14. Langerhans, R.B. 2006. Evolutionary consequences of predation: avoidance, escape, reproduction, and diversification. Pages 177-220 in A.M.T. Elewa, ed. Predation in organisms: a distinct phenomenon. Heidelberg, Germany, Springer-Verlag.

13. Langerhans, R.B., Knouft, J.H. and Losos, J.B. 2006. Shared and unique features of diversification in Greater Antillean Anolis ecomorphs. Evolution 60(2):362-369.


12. Layman, C.A., Langerhans, R.B. and Winemiller, K.O. 2005. Body size, not other morphological traits, characterizes cascading effects in fish assemblage composition following commercial netting. Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences 62(12):2802-2810.

11. Dayton, G.H., Saenz, D., Baum, K.A., Langerhans, R.B. and DeWitt, T.J. 2005. Body shape, burst speed, and escape behavior of larval anurans. Oikos 111(3):582-591. (correct Fig. 5)

10. Langerhans, R.B., Layman, C.A. and DeWitt, T.J. 2005. Male genital size reflects a tradeoff between attracting mates and avoiding predators in two livebearing fish species. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, USA 102(21):7618-7623.


9. Layman, C.A., Arrington, D.A., Langerhans, R.B., and Silliman, B.R. 2004. Effects of estuarine fragmentation on fish assemblage structure on Andros Island. Bahamas Journal of Science 12:29-38.

8. Langerhans, R.B., Layman, C.A., Shokrollahi, A.M. and DeWitt, T.J. 2004. Predator-driven phenotypic diversification in Gambusia affinis. Evolution 58(10):2305-2318.

7. Langerhans, R.B. and DeWitt, T.J. 2004. Shared and unique features of evolutionary diversification. American Naturalist 164(3):335-349.

6. Layman, C.A., Arrington, D.A., Langerhans, R.B., and Silliman, B.R. 2004. Degree of fragmentation affects fish assemblage structure in Andros Island (Bahamas) estuaries. Caribbean Journal of Science 40(2):232-244.

5. Kosciuch, K. and Langerhans, R.B. 2004. Evolution of coloniality via commodity selection: what about variance? Auk 121(1):257-262.

4. DeWitt, T.J. and Langerhans, R.B. 2004. Integrated solutions to environmental heterogeneity: theory of multimoment reaction norms. Pages 98-111 in T.J. DeWitt and S.M. Scheiner, eds. Phenotypic Plasticity. Functional and Conceptual Approaches. New York, Oxford University Press.


3. Langerhans, R.B., Layman, C.A., Langerhans, A.K. and DeWitt, T.J. 2003. Habitat-associated morphological divergence in two Neotropical fish species. Biological Journal of the Linnean Society 80:689-698.

2. DeWitt, T.J. and Langerhans, R.B. 2003. Multiple prey traits, multiple predators: keys to understanding complex community dynamics. Journal of Sea Research 49:143-155.


1. Langerhans, R.B. and DeWitt, T.J. 2002. Plasticity constrained: over-generalized induction cues cause maladaptive phenotypes. Evolutionary Ecology Research 4:857-870.

Langerhans Lab Bottom Banner

Home | Research | People | Publications | Teaching | Opportunities | Gallery | Collaborators | Lab Protocols | NCSU Bio Sci